The nominal Voltage for NiCd cell is 1.2 V .The advantages of using these batteries are that they can supply extremely high currents because of their low internal resistance. It also has a long cycle life and its low and high-temperature performance is good. It can be charged rapidly.
Nickel Cadmium Battery
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1.2 V (Nominal) 1.4 V ( charging voltage) 1.0 V ( cut-off)
5 Ah (6 Wh)
Utilization of Nickel Cadmium Battery can be noticed in various medical instruments, motor controlled systems, emergency lighting apparatus and power tools to name a few. Internal fuse of this battery acts against short circuit, over drain, over discharge and overcharge. No polyswitches are incorporated into its design. There are discharging and charging terminals for its uninterrupted operation. This 80-gram battery has low internal resistance capacity. Its endothermic charging technique keeps its inside cool which in turn promotes its fast charging. Cadmium Cd is used to develop its negative electrode and nickel hydroxide has been chosen to produce its positive electrode. Besides having long life cycle, Nickel Cadmium Battery is preferred for its high load enduring capacity. It can be stored during its discharge condition.
It can operate under low-temperature condition.
Its cost is much lower than other batteries available in the market.
Available in different capacity based options
Quick charging method
Memory effect - the Ni-Cd must periodically be exercised to prevent memory
Has relatively high self-discharge - needs recharging after storage
Environmentally unfriendly - the Ni-Cd contains toxic metals
Some countries are limiting the use of the Ni-Cd battery
Relatively low energy density - compared with newer systems
Good low temperature performance
Economically priced - the Ni-Cd is the lowest cost battery in terms of cost per cycle
High number of charge/discharge cycles - if properly maintained, the Ni-Cd provides over 1000 charge/discharge cycles
Long shelf life - in any state-of-charge
Simple storage and transportation - most airfreight companies accept the Ni-Cd without special conditions
Good load performance - the Ni-Cd allows recharging at low temperatures
Forgiving if abused - the Ni-Cd is one of the most rugged rechargeable batteries
Available in a wide range of sizes and performance options - most Ni-Cd cells are cylindrical
Fast and simple charge - even after prolonged storage
Fuse installed with the battery pack and protects the battery from